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Periodontal (Gum) Treatment

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Say No to bleeding gums.

What is Gingivitis?

Bacterial infection of the gums due to deposits of calculus and plaque is called gingivitis. The accumulated plaque and calculus cause the inflammation of gums causing red swollen gums. Once the irritating factor is removed the gums can heal on their own. If gingivitis is not addressed, it leads to Periodontitis.
Periodontitis is the infection of gums spreading to the underlying bone. The infection of gums, if not stabilised at the right time, spreads to the bone. Gums and bone form the support system of teeth. Any infection to the support system deteriorates the oral health.
  • Bad breath
  • Swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Mobile teeth
  • Pus in gums
  • Pockets around the teeth
  • Tender gums and teeth
One can totally prevent gum diseases by maintaining oral hygiene :
  • Visit your dentist every 6 months to know if you are brushing properly.
  • Brush twice a day and floss once a day or use interspace brushes.
  • Gargle and rinse with water after every meal.
  • Get scaling and polishing done whenever advised to stay away from gum diseases.
  • Gum disease may also be due to some medications. Consult your doctor for a change in medicines if your dentist advises you to.
Treatments for gum disease depend on the severity of infection.
  1. Scaling and polishing – Scaling and polishing is the process of removal of dental plaque, tartar and calculus from the surfaces of teeth. Scaling and polishing removes the irritant and improves the condition of gums.
  2. Root planing – calculus is removed from the root surfaces as a treatment for periodontitis.
  3. Antibiotics – As an adjunctive treatment to scaling, antibiotics help to reduce the infection
  4. Flap surgery – Gum tissue is folded back to expose the root surfaces. This helps to visualise the tartar and calculus deposits in the deeper parts which can be removed
  5. Soft tissue grafts – Defect caused due to periodontitis is covered by transplanting a piece of soft tissue.
  6. Bone graft – after the infection is cleaned, there may be bone defects which can be treated with bone graft so as to stabilise the tooth.