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Tooth Discoloration: Causes, Treatment and Prevention

What is Tooth Discolouration?

Tooth discolouration refers to any change in the colour of your teeth, ranging from yellowing to darkening or the appearance of various stains. This can impact the look of your smile and confidence. Teeth can become discoloured for various reasons like diet, lifestyle, genetics and age.

Common Causes:

●Food and Drinks –Items such as coffee, red wine, tea, and dark-coloured berries contain strong pigments and can cause stains. Acidic foods and drinks can erode the enamel, making it appear yellow.
● Tobacco Use – Both smoking and chewing tobacco can lead to stubborn yellow or brown stains, which may be difficult to remove.
● Poor Dental Hygiene – Can lead to the accumulation of tartar which can make teeth appear unsightly.
● Medications – Some medications can cause tooth discolouration as a side effect.
● Genetics –Genetic factors can affect the thickness and smoothness of your enamel, which can influence how easily your teeth can stain.
● Aging – Causes natural thinning of enamel exposing the underlying dentin, darkening the appearance of our teeth
● Disease and Medical Treatments –Medical treatments like chemotherapy and radiation, particularly in the head and neck region, can also cause teeth to darken.

Types of Tooth Discolouration

● Extrinsic Discolouration – Caused by external factors. Since extrinsic stains are on the surface, they are usually easier to treat with professional cleaning and whitening procedures.
● Intrinsic Discolouration – Intrinsic discolouration occurs within the tooth. This type of discolouration can result from trauma to the teeth, exposure to certain minerals (like excessive fluoride) or the use of certain antibiotics. Intrinsic stains are more challenging to remove because they are deep within the tooth structure.
● Age-Related Discolouration – Age-related discolouration is a combination of extrinsic and intrinsic factors.

Tooth Discolouration Prevention

● Proper Dental Hygiene
● Healthy Diet
● Avoid Tobacco
● Regular Dental and Hygiene visits

Tooth Discolouration Treatments

● Professional Teeth Whitening
● Hygiene and Airflow Polishing
Dental Veneers
● Composite Bonding
● Onlays/Inlays/Crowns

When Should You See a Dentist?

If you notice tooth discolouration, it’s advisable to consult a dentist. Discolouration can sometimes be a sign of underlying dental issues that require professional intervention. A dentist can assess your teeth, identify the cause of the discolouration, and recommend appropriate treatment options.

At Smile n Shine, we offer a range of treatments for tooth discolouration. Our experienced team can evaluate your teeth and provide personalised recommendations to help you achieve a brighter smile. Whether you need professional teeth whitening, veneers, or other cosmetic treatments, we are here to assist you in restoring your smile’s natural beauty.

To schedule an appointment, call us at 01635917658. Your journey to a whiter, healthier smile begins with us.